Will the best stocks belong to these sectors? - The 5 Minute WrapUp by Equitymaster
Investing in India - 5 Minute WrapUp by Equitymaster
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Will the best stocks belong to these sectors? 

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In this issue:
» Commercial interests to take precedence over public interest?
» Let us introduce you to Dr Aluminum
» Policy paralysis in India?
» Stringent norms for Indian hedge funds
» ...and more!


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00:00
 
Which sectors occupy the maximum newsprint and mindshare amongst analysts and investors? Rewind two to three decades back. The likes of ACC, Reliance, Century Textiles, Grasim and BILT fitted the bill in the 1980s. These manufacturers of commodities were amongst the first to cash in on India's industrial revolution. They were the first to bring in sophisticated technology used for manufacturing processes. However, as competition intensified and there was loss of pricing power, growth subsided. With that even their market caps mellowed down. Software developers and financial institutions led the phoenix- like rise of service sector firms in the 1990s. They not only made processes cheaper and faster but also ensured efficient use of capital. They were the next to be crowned as fastest growing blue chips.

Coming to present scenario, the focus of governments around the world is to correct what has gone wrong. Environment degradation, loss of jobs, poor quality education, expensive healthcare and monopolistic pricing are issues being addressed. The outcome being the popularity of green energy, educational ventures, generic drugs and online retailing amongst entrepreneurs. Not just the developed world, but even emerging economies have their eyes set on these potential sunrise sectors. Meanwhile it is time for growth in the software and financial behemoths to tread back to the mean. In fact as per an article in Ritholtz, sectors like print media, hardware manufacturing, apparel manufacturing etc have completely lost flavor in the US. Thus it will not be long before investors too look for more lucrative options in sectors that have far better growth prospects.

According to us, investors should always look for businesses that have a strong and sustainable economic moat. The same again depends on demographic and socio economic needs. Clean energy is a must have. Thus the earliest players in this segment can have huge advantages. Quality education has commanded the attention of not just President Obama but also policy makers in India. Investments in this sector are therefore bound to get government support. India already has an edge in low cost generic drug manufacturing. Strong tie ups with MNC pharma can ensure better R&D and exhaustive marketing in developed economies. The demand for affordable healthcare too is no longer restricted to the developing world. But austerity measures have forced government and pharma companies to look for low cost drugs. Finally, the manufacturing of commodities like apparels and hardware will keep shifting to the destinations offering cheapest labour. India and China are set to lose their status as back office and factories of the world respectively. Hence the focus will shift to value addition and online retailing. For this is where the margin upside would be higher. Companies effectively and profitably catering to these niche segments are ones to watch out for! They are likely to enjoy the biggest economic moats in the near future. Undoubtedly investors can hope to find some of their best performing stocks amongst these sectors.

Which sectors do you think will attract maximum investor interest in the coming decade? Share your comments with us or post your views on our Facebook page / Google+ page.

01:30  Chart of the day
 
Quite a few of us are familiar with Dr Copper. The metal is called so as its widespread use in industry and business makes it a good early indicator of economic growth. Generally, rising copper prices suggest strong copper demand and hence a growing global economy. Similarly, declining copper prices may indicate sluggish demand and an imminent economic slowdown. But this trend has been proven increasingly inaccurate in the recent past. That is because copper prices have been dependant on Chinese demand more than anything else. However, as per data from Businessinsider, it may be a good time to award the Phd to aluminum. This is given the high elasticity shown by the metal to global real GDP.

Data source: Businessinsider

02:04
 
India's oil sector, as we all know, is riddled with problems of Government interference. Here, decisions that quash the interest of minority shareholders are taken virtually every single day. What is worrying though is the fact that this malaise is spreading to other areas of the economy as well. The recent directive given to Coal India is certainly the biggest example of what we are trying to highlight. The Government literally forced the public sector giant to give supply commitment to India's power producers. This was no doubt done under the garb of public interest. But the stakeholders that are likely to end up on the losing side are the company's minority shareholders.

The issue has once again brought into sharp focus the conflict of interest faced by the Government. In other words, should the commercial interests be allowed to take precedence over the public interest? Quite certainly we believe. After all, minority shareholders invest their hard earned money into the public sector units. All in the hope of getting their share of rewards. Thus, the Government has no right to snatch the same from them and use it to further their own political interests. The faster they realize this the better it will be. Else, just like their oil marketing counterparts, most of the PSUs could start trading at rock bottom valuations.

02:38
 
India's deep rooted culture and traditions have been both a source of mystery as well as awe for the western world. But this culture is something that has helped the corporate world too. The sense of 'duty' and commitment that our traditions inspire in us make us the ideal employees. A fact that most of the developed countries have never seen or heard of.

As reported in an international daily this sense of duty left its reporters dumbstruck. They could not understand that people can be committed to work just out of their sense of duty. Even on the part of the employers. Rather than looking at the highest compensation techniques, they instead adopt the best fit strategy for retaining employees. This means that they provide employees with meaningful and challenging jobs. This best fit strategy has worked well for decades. True, that Indian companies do suffer from lower governance standards when compared to their global counterparts. But the dedication and commitment that they get from their employees is a point of envy for the entire world.

03:13
 
Back in 1991, India stood on the verge of a major crisis. Dr Manmohan Singh, who was then the Finance Minister, initiated a series of radical reforms that heralded India's growth story. Over the years, India has emerged as an important global force to reckon with. However, one must not forget that the reforms were not just the result of the Finance Minister's genius. More than anything else, we simply didn't have any alternative.

It's been two long decades since we saw the first major reforms. There is increasing economic and geo-political turmoil in the global arena. India's own future growth prospects seem uncertain now. Add to that India's worsening fiscal and current account deficits. Again, the need of the hour is some solid reforms. But the political landscape of the country has been disturbed by a slew of corruption scandals, political logjams, etc. As a result, several important reforms are waiting to see the light of day. Are we going to wait until we are pushed to a 1991- crisis like situation? Given that mankind seldom learns from history, we're afraid that could be true. The incumbent government is too weak to do anything radical. Even Mr Kaushik Basu, the country's top economic adviser is of the opinion that India won't see any major reforms before the 2014 general elections.

03:45
 
Remember the story of Long Term Capital Management (LTCM)? LTCM was an American hedge fund that had assets worth over US$ 100 bn at its peak. Run by financial wizards, the fund delivered over 40% returns on investment for four years. The downside was even steeper. The same fund lost half the worth in a month, jeopardizing the entire American financial system and sending ripples worldwide.

Time and again, the use of complex financial products that thrive on heavy leveraging have proved costly. The Indian capital market regulator - Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) seems to be too aware of that. The last thing it wants is to let the history repeat in India. Hence, SEBI has released stringent norms for hedge funds that plan to invest in the country. All the hedge funds that want to invest will need to get registered or obtain a license first. The norms intend to put a control on the fund's debt exposures and redemptions. Since hedge funds have exposure in stock markets, they have huge implications for the liquidity levels in a country. To some, these regulations may seem to be discouraging and against the inherent spirit of such funds. However, we think otherwise. No doubt the hedge funds bring more efficiency in the markets. However, their entry needs to be balanced with some intervention as the entire market stability is at stake.

04:15
 
World stock markets displayed positive sentiments during the week. In the US, earnings season so far has been quite good with 81% of S&P 500 companies that have declared results so far beating expectations. However, the Federal Reserve's monetary policy committee meeting scheduled next week will set the pace for the future.

The Indian stock markets closed the week 2% higher post the repo rate cut of 0.5% by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) during the week. The RBI move aimed at stimulating the economy was a surprise for investors who were expecting a 25% basis point cut at the most. Auto stocks led the pack of gainers in the past week. Barring Japan (down by 0.8%), all other world stock markets too had a positive end to the week. Germany (up by 2.5%) and UK (up by 2.1%) led the list of gainers.

Source: Yahoo Finance, Kitco, Cnfm

04:55  Weekend Investing mantra
"In the stock market the more elaborate and abstruse the mathematics the more uncertain and speculative are the conclusions we draw there from." - Benjamin Graham
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3 Responses to "Will the best stocks belong to these sectors?"

S.K.Damani

Apr 23, 2012

Interesting read. To identify the sectors named by you, Energy, Education Generic Pharma, would be interesting. Regarding Public and prvt. gains, yes Govt. has to regulate, atr least for a country of our size (popn. wise), but not the type of diktats to LIC to buy at the last minute stakes opf ONGC, or to coal India to supply coal (selected few) at particular rate or face penalties. Not good. Alternate is : ON whose monies have the PSUs being built? Public monies/ Taxes Agreed? Than for god's sake why not give some discount and offer this shares to general small investors. Min. 100sh. Max. 1000 shares per individual. Minimum discount of 15% for short term holding of 2 - 3yrs and with long term invt. of 5 yrs why not 25% dis. or assured bonus after three yrs. Why can our intelligensia, devise some format whereby the INDIAN PUBLIC turns to investment and the huze funds put in FDs and kept in postal etc. are invested in the markets. Offer Sail for 5 yrs holding at 70 Rs. or if any one is interested in investing for the next ten yrs inSail, offer him at 50% discount. All these shareswould be with lock in period. difficult to understand why such answers cant be found by the intelligent people, if a small investor like me can think of it?? Manmohan singh, Pranabbabu are they lsitening??
Really frustrating that we have to depenmd on FII so our economy grows, though the highest reserves of GOLD, are now with Indian households. Just Think, just imagine!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!1

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sharad agrawal

Apr 22, 2012

Agriculture sector looks very promising.
Agriculture is an elastic sector.
30% of the house-hold income has to go into food.
Walmart, ITC, Tesco, RIL , Bharati to make an imminent entry into corporate farming.
Scarce land supply competing with urbanization
Poor productivity in farming due to an avg age greater than 50 yrs
Food supply unable to keep pace with a global pop. to explode to 9 billn. by 2050.
Global warming depleting current agri. output.
Massive farm to fuel programme
Increasing intake of food per capita due to rising discretionary income

Like 

Vinod Furtado

Apr 21, 2012

It's so surprising for you to say that commercial interests should take precedence over public interest. By your logic then no health warnings should be provided on cigarette packets, companies should not worry about te environment and most importantly mutual funds should continue churning portfolios. After all are their commercial interests not important either? All I can say think before you write. Not sure why such a hue an cry is being made over the FSA.

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