Can India ever deal with crony capitalism? - The 5 Minute WrapUp by Equitymaster
Investing in India - 5 Minute WrapUp by Equitymaster

Can India ever deal with crony capitalism? 

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In this issue:
» Bitcoins facing real test
» Infrastructure issues marring the prospects of Indian economy
» What is happening to rural consumption boom story?
» What is scaring retail investors?
» ...and more!

Nothing seems to be going well for the Indian economy these days. The economy has been hit hard by a slew of scams in the last few years. And it looks like it will be a long time before the dust starts settling. Yet another skeleton has come out of the closet in the coal scam case. As per an article in Indian Express, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) while probing the coal blocks allotment scam has recovered a diary from the offices of the Aditya Birla Group that could be a cause of embarrassment for many. The diary lists around 1000 payments made to politicians across parties over a period of 10 years by a Birla company. While this sounds shady enough, what makes it murkier is that the payments coincided with Lok Sabha and several state assembly elections. Further, the CBI has claimed to have found unaccounted cash worth Rs 25 crore at Hindalco office. Ironically, the events that could taint the reputation of Aditya Birla Group Chairman Mr. Kumar Mangalam Birla have come around the same time when he has been chosen as the Business Leader for the year 2013 by a reputed financial daily.

The only positive we can look at in the whole matter is that the issue is being now probed and brought to public knowledge. While it is yet to be established whether the management has been involved in the wrong doing, this is just another reminder of the shady nexus between big corporate houses and politicians. Such endemic crony capitalism has caused immense harm to the economy and investment climate in the country. The corrupt politicians and corporates have found out a win-win way to feed their respective ambitions. The large corporate houses shell out huge money to fund elections. In return, they seek high return on investment in the form of preferential treatment while carrying out business activities, irrespective of their competence in the latter. It's a win-win deal for both with the least regard for the critical resources in the country and the interests of the Indian economy. This is indeed no way to run either a business or the Government.

The unrestrained greed of corporates and politicians has led to a breeding ground for corruption in the country. Already the country is out of favour as far as macro economic environment is concerned. On top of that, such events strike fresh blows to investor sentiments. No wonder that overall trust level on Indian corporate is declining.

We believe that investors have an important lesson to learn from such incidents. That is, not to get carried away by big names but choose the companies with robust fundamentals, management integrity and sound corporate governance practices.

Do you think the shady nexus between large Indian corporate and the Government is a huge threat to the Indian economy? Let us know your comments or post them on our Facebook page / Google+ page.

01:45  Chart of the day
For public sector banks in India the road to prosperity is a long way ahead. Bearing the burden of nonperforming assets is not their only dilemma. They also need to avoid the high incidence of corporate defaults in a prolonged weak economic cycle. In addition the working capital cycles of relatively healthier corporate have also got stretched. All this at a time when the banks' own profitability is under pressure. Neither is there much scope to raise lending margins. Nor are the treasury portfolios offering any relief. On the contrary even mark to market losses have wiped out profits for many banks. As per rating agency ICRA, the gross non-performing assets (NPAs) of PSU banks may go up to 5% in FY14. This will bring it closest to the levels seen in 2002. And the painful journey of getting asset quality back into shape will be a long one for most. Investors therefore need to be very careful about investing in PSU banks rather than getting drawn to their valuations.

Public sector banks in bad health

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Now you can view P/E and P/BV graphs of India's leading corporates on Equitymaster...

Not just that... you can also see, for instance, how the valuations of Infosys compare with TCS over the last 3 years!

Start here with the valuation chart for Infosys...


In a world where the value of hard fiat currencies is being called into question on account of reckless money printing by central banks, the virtual currency Bitcoin is finding a lot of takers. So much so that it has become a hot topic of conversation. So far, bitcoins do not come under any regulations. But it now appears that the popular, virtual currency will face its first real test. And this is in none other than China. The enthusiasm for bitcoins in the dragon nation has been greater than elsewhere. So much so that it accounted for a third of the global trading volume. But Chinese regulators have decided to come down hard on the currency. Indeed, as reported on Reuters, regulators have banned the country's banks from trading bitcoin. China is obviously in no mood to let bitcoins co-exist with the Chinese Yuan. It will be interesting to see whether other countries also follow suit. One thing is certain that the rise in bitcoins cannot continue forever and like any asset class or currency is bound to witness corrections.

Ask any well meaning expert the biggest problem that India faces towards its journey to higher growth. 9 times out of 10, they are likely to use the word infrastructure. Indeed, it is the sorry state of the infrastructure in the country that is not allowing us to become more productive. However, it has recently come to light that infrastructure is affecting country's growth prospects in an indirect manner too. In fact, the damage here could be as large as its direct repercussions on the economy. LiveMint reports how NPA crises that most PSU banks in India face are a result of the collapse of the infrastructure boom of the past decade.

Clearly, no other sector has hurt the finances of the banking industry as much as the bad loans from the infra space. Agreed that on account of delays, a lot of infra projects find themselves with no revenue generation options. However, there is too much concentration of loans among just a few large firms. Besides, the banks most affected have mostly been PSU banks. This raises doubts about the existence of under hand deals and palm greasing in disbursing infra loans. Having said that, the importance of infrastructure development cannot be emphasised enough. And therefore, an effective lending mechanism for the sector will have to be given a serious thought. However, any mechanism will not be able to stay profitable unless Government eases up bottle necks to infra development.

The rural boom enabled consumer companies to wither the urban slowdown until now. Higher disposable income led to increasing demand for consumer products. And this led to higher growth for consumer companies despite the urban portfolio witnessing slower growth. However, over the last 3-4 quarters even the rural demand has taken a backseat. Higher inflation has started creating a hole in rural pockets as well. This has resulted in downtrading; a phenomenon where consumers opt for cheaper products. The RBI's monetary policy tools have been ineffective. So, unless inflation subsides the rural purchasing power is not going to return. However, there are other factors like monsoon, skill enhancement and employment guarantee acts which have boosted the spending power of rural people. With these factors having a major influence on rural disposable income we feel that the current downtrading trend is more short term in nature. And the rural demand may pick up soon once inflation subsides.

Retail investors have been pulling out of the Indian stock markets. Is it only because of the subdued economic condition that has impacted corporate earnings, and in turn, the stock prices? We believe this is not the only reason. Another major reason for the investors' wariness towards stocks has been due to mistrust of corporates. Investors have lost heavily by investing in companies with poor corporate governance, fraudulent behaviour, corruption, etc. Many promoters are also known to take decisions that may be detrimental to the interests of minority shareholders.

This seems to have worried the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI). As a result, the market regulator has been trying to tighten norms to bring in more transparency in corporate dealings and to ensure protection of investors against malpractices. Here is one such move that the SEBI seems to be considering.

As per an article in The Economic Times, companies may now have to seek the approval of shareholders if they plan to divest stake in major subsidiaries. As such, companies may be mandated to disclose the financial performance of their subsidiaries, benefits from sale, consideration amount and the names of the parties involved. In addition, the market regulator also plans to mandate companies to disclose their policies on related-party transactions. If such steps are initiated and implemented correctly, we believe it will go a long way in reviving the trust of retail investors.

In the meanwhile, Indian stock markets were trading above the dotted line. At the time of writing this, the benchmark BSE-Sensex was up by 78 points (0.4%). Stocks in the banking and capital goods sector were leading the gains. Asian stock markets were trading mixed with Indonesia and China leading the losses, while the Japanese market was trading in the green. The European markets have mainly opened on a positive note.

04:50  Today's investing mantra
"Stop trying to predict the direction of the stock market, the economy or elections." - Warren Buffett
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10 Responses to "Can India ever deal with crony capitalism?"

yogesh jesrani

Dec 11, 2013

Crony Capitalism- this is a new fancy phrase coined to describe clandestine financial arrangements between business heads- politicians and bureaucrats.The politicians and bureaucrats join hands with industry and business- grant them undue favours- bend the rules- turn a blind eye- structure rules and regulations- so that business and industry make windfalls- at the cost of the exchequer- or against national interest- and in return fill the private coffers of mininsters- officers and politicians- and in fact they become private unoffical partners in the business ventures without a penny in investments. This is how the country is run- and one can bet that the GDP of this country is robbed by at least a couple of percentage points year after year. The system is corrupted- its in our blood stream- o.k we admit that this real in the other countries- even developed ones- but in India it is rotten crony capitalism. No the nexus will survive change in governments too because a new government is hungry- and if it is the same government- it is business as usual.

Like (1)


Dec 9, 2013

Yes, the nexus between big corporates and Indian Govt (in any national)has always been a threat all over the world.
It will call for great strength, character of national leaders not to get swayed or lured by money power so that can carry on with what is most required in public interest!

Like (1)

Kirandeep Atwal

Dec 9, 2013

I think, it is not crony capitalism. It is the problem with the system. The government officials have lot of discretionary powers. The system is bound to be corrupt if few people have lot of discretionary powers. It does not matter whether it is government or private organisation.

Like (1)

Kuruvilla Abraham

Dec 7, 2013

Behind the curtain dealings between the politicians and corporates are not new. Especially during times of elections all the political parties approach the corporates for donations. The political parties including communist parties prefer payments in black money. Unless and until the political parties are required by law to audit party funds yearly and the income and expenditure accounts submitted to parliment for public scrutiny, such behind the scene dealings will continue.

Like (1)

Santosh Kotraiah Hiremath

Dec 7, 2013

Can you provide a write up on the exact risks, legalities, and tax implications of investing in a commercial property?

Like (1)


Dec 6, 2013

Problems are golden egg

Like (1)

virendra bapna

Dec 6, 2013

NO retail investor should ever invest in stock markets;also not through mutual funds as all industrialists and/or mutual funds our hand in gloves to loot investors.then see their will not be a single public issue as no industrialist will subscribe in these issues as the common interest of looting investors will not be fullfilled .retail investors should Invest only in nationalised banks fixed deposits.

Like (1)


Dec 6, 2013

From all the exhisting party in India it is quite impossible to deal with crny capitalism. Both the Capitalists and Politicians are openly looting the country with both hands and law is become the Rakhel (kept) in their hand. The situation in India is going to worsten in coming years a their will be a khooni kranti happen in India only then the India will start to change.

Like (1)

Amit Sengupta

Dec 6, 2013

The nexus between politicians and the business class has been, is and will continue to hurt the Indian economy. You talk of companies with strong fundamentals but who would have thought of the Birla-s of today getting involved in a mess like this. It does not reflect in company fundamentals. But for a scam as large as Coalgate, it would not have surfaced either. Corruption flows down from top. We are in a situation where even a petty kirana shop fellow can not carry on with business unless he pays for his existence, in many places. We need a radical political reform, in the first place. Otherwise, we the people of India are destined to get poorer every passing day without even knowing it.

Like (1)


Dec 6, 2013

"That is, not to get carried away by big names but choose the companies with robust fundamentals, management integrity and sound corporate governance practices"

I have heard the above advice by several analysts ad nauseum. Which is a 'fundamentally strong company' when balance sheets are manipulated and there are many hidden truths that are never disclosed to the share holders?

The businessmen-politico nexus and crony capitalism is rampant in India and almost no company is devoid of that. In such a scenario no one should be investing in stock markets, chasing that elusive 'fundamentally strong company'! It is like chasing a rainbow!

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