- By Vivek Kaul
The government managed to collect Rs 3,77,648 crore during the period, in comparison to Rs 3,54,049 crore it had managed to collect during the same period last year. This is a jump of 6.7%. Indirect taxes include excise duty, customs duty and service tax.
The trouble is that the indirect tax collection target for this financial year is Rs 6,24,902 crore. The total amount collected in the last financial year stood at Rs 5,19,520 crore. Hence, it was assumed that the indirect tax collection would grow by 20.3% from what was achieved last year.
What this tells us clearly is that the growth of the indirect tax collections is nowhere near what it was assumed to be. In the first nine months of the year, the government has managed to collect only 60.6% of the year's target, meaning that 39.4% of the target still remains to be collected in the last three months of the financial year. Also, unlike direct tax, the collection of indirect taxes is not totally skewed towards the end of the year.
In a report titled Will the Government Meet the Fiscal Deficit Target for F2015? analysts Chetan Ahya and Upasana Chachra of Morgan Stanley point out that "tax collection picks up seasonally toward the end of the fiscal year, with direct tax collection between December and March at 51.4% of total (five-year average) and indirect tax collection at 42% of total."
So, between December and March, in the last five financial years, the government managed to collect 42% of the indirect tax target set for the year. This time around it needs to collect 39.6% of the annual target between January and March, which will be a tough ask indeed.
It needs to be pointed out here that during the last five years, the economic growth for a significant part of the period was greater than 8%. Currently, the economic growth is around 5%. Hence, indirect tax collections will slowdown to that extent.
Take the case of excise duty. In the first nine months of the financial year the government managed to collect Rs 1,19,719 crore of excise duty, a jump of just 1.6% in comparison to the last financial year. When the budget was presented the government had assumed that excise duty collection will jump by 15.4% during the course of the year.
The government has increased the excise duty on petrol and diesel thrice since October 2014. The third increase came on January 1, 2015, and hence, the excise duty collected because of this increase are not a part of the just released indirect tax data.
The higher excise duty on petrol and diesel is expected to boost the indirect tax collections between January and March 2015 by Rs 14,600 crore, write Ahya and Chachra.
At the same time the "removal of excise SOPs for autos and consumer goods sectors from December 31 [is]expected to add ~Rs 2,400 crore between January and March," feel the Morgan Stanley analysts.
But even this will not help the government meet its excise duty target of Rs 2,07,110 crore. Taking into account average collections over the last five years and this year's indirect tax collections it is highly unlikely that the government will be able to meet its indirect tax target for this year. My guess is that it will fall short of the target by around 8-10%.
This gap will amount to Rs 50,000-60,000 crore (~ 8-10% of indirect tax target of Rs 6,24,902 crore). How will the government fill this gap? One way as I have often pointed out in the past will be to cut expenditure. A recent newsreport in the Business Standard points out that "on an average, key ministries, including those of agriculture, rural & urban development, and infrastructure, might see cuts of up to 20 per cent in Plan allocation compared to the FY15 Budget estimates." This can't be good news in an environment where corporate investment is slow due to excessive debt levels.
The government will also force public sector units to shell out higher dividends as it had done last year as well. The dividends from public sector units were supposed to contribute Rs 29,870.12 crore to last financial year's budget. Ultimately the government ended up collecting Rs 43,074.58 crore. This year's target is Rs 27,815.10 crore. The actual number this year will also be considerably higher.
What adds to the troubles of the government is the fact that it looks highly unlikely to meet the disinvestment target as well. Disinvestment of shares in public sector units was expected to bring in Rs 43,425 crore. Until now only Rs 1,700 crore has come in through this route. Now news coming in suggests that bankers are having a tough time lining up investors for the shares of companies that the government wants to disinvest.
The Economic Times reports that: "Bankers are finding it tough to convince foreign investors to commit money in the proposed share sale as the government is yet to implement reforms that it had promised while marketing the issues previously."
Whenever such a situation has arisen in the past, where the market is not ready to buy shares of public sector companies, the government has forced the Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India to come to its rescue by buying these shares.
The money invested by LIC is essentially the hard earned savings of millions of people and it is not fair to use it to help bail out the government all the time. From the looks of it something similar seems to set to happen this year as well, which is clearly not good news.
What does not help the government is the fact that it has very little time left to carry out the disinvestment. For reasons, which only the government can best explain, there has been barely any activity on the disinvestment front over the last six months and only now things are looking to pick up. But it may be a case of too little too late.
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Vivek Kaul is the Editor of the Diary and The Vivek Kaul Letter. Vivek is a writer who has worked at senior positions with the Daily News and Analysis (DNA) and The Economic Times, in the past. He is the author of the Easy Money trilogy. The latest book in the trilogy Easy Money: The Greatest Ponzi Scheme Ever and How It Is Set to Destroy the Global Financial System was published in March 2015. The books were bestsellers on Amazon. His writing has also appeared in The Times of India, The Hindu, The Hindu Business Line, Business World, Business Today, India Today, Business Standard, Forbes India, Deccan Chronicle, The Asian Age, Mutual Fund Insight, Wealth Insight, Swarajya, Bangalore Mirror among others.