BUENOS AIRES, Argentina (AP) - Argentina announced a two-month price freeze on supermarket products Monday in an effort to break spiraling inflation.
The price freeze applies to every product in all of the nation's largest supermarkets - a group including Walmart, Carrefour, Coto, Jumbo, Disco and other large chains. The companies' trade group, representing 70 percent of the Argentine market, reached the accord with Commerce Secretary Guillermo Moreno, the government's news agency Telam reported.
But our focus today is not on the land of the gauchos...it's on the land of honchos, HoJos and bozos...that is the land north of the Rio Grande.
Before we come to it, though, another glance south of the Rio de la Plata:
The IMF Friday called on Argentina to fix its statistics "without further delay"
The IMF said it would review Argentina's progress in November and warned that if the problems are not sorted then it could impose sanctions on the country. This would bar one of South America's biggest economies from voting on IMF policies and accessing financing.
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We never paid much attention to the claims that our own feds were intentionally falsifying the numbers. Too many earnest quants and honest statisticians at the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Many of them Republicans. A few Tea-Partiers, even. Too many different points of view to pull off a real conspiracy.
Instead, the feds try to report the number correctly. Still, with so much fudge in the kitchen, they were bound to get some on their fingers. Not that anyone intended to defraud the public. It's just that institutions have biases of their own...often that the people in them don't even see.
Adding up the cost of living numbers has built in complications. People of reasonable intelligence and ordinary goodwill can come to different conclusions about how it should be done. Then, even a small institutional bias - like an old watch near a compass -- can lead you in the wrong direction.
At first, the results differ little - one way from another. And then, the institution takes 'ownership' of the method used. Reputations are on the line. Careers depend on it. A whole legion - with its own hierarchy, creed, orthodoxy, pensions - develops. And then there is no retreating...no second-guessing...no arrieres pensees. Because, now, too many things depend on it. Changing it would cost billions...or trillions. And it would change the way people think too. Messing up becomes unthinkable.
That is what happened with America's Consumer Price Index. Small, innocent distortions grew to become grotesque and monstrous. But the feds can't admit it. There's too much at stake.
Peter Schiff describes what happened:
Beginning in the early 1980's the methodologies were altered to compensate for a variety of consumer behavior. The new "chain weighted CPI" for instance incorporates changes in relative spending, substitution bias, and subjective improvements in product quality.
Essentially these measures report not just on price movements, but on spending patterns, consumer choices, and product changes. This is fine if the goal is to measure the cost of survival. But that is not the purpose for which these metrics are meant to be used.
Between 1970 and 1980 the officially reported CPI rose a whopping 112%, and prices of our basket of goods and services rose by 121%, just 8% faster than the CPI. In contrast between 2002 and 2012 the CPI rose just 27.5%. But our basket rose by nearly double that rate - 52.1%! So the methods used in the 1970's to calculate CPI effectively captured the price changes of our goods, but only got half of those movements more recently. How convenient.
Just to make sure, we ran the same experiment with 10 different goods and services. This time we chose: sugar, airline tickets, butter, store bought beer, apples, public transportation, cereal, tires, beef and veal, and prescription drugs. The results were notably similar. The basket increased 1% faster than the CPI between 1970 and 1980 and 32% faster between 2002 and 2012. In both cases we selected a random array of food and non-food items.
But wait...if these numbers are correct...it changes everything. CPI numbers are used to deflate the GDP. They're used to adjust Social Security and government pensions. They're used to tell you if you're making money on your investments...or losing it. They're used to keep tax rates even with inflation too. They're used everywhere...like True North...every household financial pilot depends on them.
And if the official CPI were significantly understated... the results would be catastrophic! Yes, bad... Just for openers, the GDP would be in severe decline...revealing that the US economy has actually been in a depression for the last 4 years.
More to come!
Bill Bonner is the President & Founder of Agora Inc, an international publisher of financial and special interest books and newsletters.