The odds the United States will slip back into recession next year have risen, ratings agency Standard & Poor's said, citing risks from the European debt crisis and budget tightening at year-end.
The US ratings firm raised the chance of the US falling into recession to 25 percent, up from a 20 percent chance estimated in February, as the world's largest economy struggles to recover from a severe 2008-2009 slump.
It also pointed to the looming possibility of the government being forced by existing law to severely cut spending and increase taxes on January 1, the so-called fiscal cliff that would crunch the economy.
"Economic activity has downshifted sharply from earlier this year," S&P said in a report on North American credit conditions amid global uncertainty, dated August 20.
"At the same time, possible contagion from the European debt crisis, the potential so-called 'fiscal cliff', and the risk of a hard landing for China's economy have added greater uncertainty to US economic prospects," it said.
In the second quarter, the world's largest economy grew at a 1.5 percent annual rate, a sharp slowdown from late last year as unemployment remained stuck above 8.0 percent.
S&P underscored concern about the impact of a recession in the 17-nation eurozone, whose economy contracted 0.2 percent in the second quarter. S&P forecast a 0.6 percent contraction this year.
"A double-dip recession in Europe that transmits financial turmoil to the US could push it into recession," the agency said.
Prices don't go up in a recession. They generally go down. Because the money in bank vaults doesn't get lent out into the consumer economy...and doesn't push up prices.
And the more people fear that the economy may take a turn for the worse - with fewer jobs on offer...and lower prices available - the more reluctant they become to borrow and spend.
That's why news from Europe and China is also important. Europe is in recession already. And now The Telegraph reports that China - which was supposed to be the engine that powered the whole world economy out of its funk - is getting close to a crack-up:
"China is now entering the 'danger zone'," said Kiyohiko Nishimura, the Bank of Japan's deputy-governor and an expert on asset booms.
The surge in Chinese home prices and loan growth over the past five years has surpassed extremes seen in Japan before the Nikkei bubble popped in 1990. Construction reached 12pc of GDP in China last year; it peaked in Japan at 10pc.
Mr Nishimura said credit and housing booms can remain "benign" so long as the workforce is young and growing. They turn "malign" once the ratio of working age people to dependents rolls over as it did in Japan.
China's ratio will peak at around 2.7 over the next couple of years as the aging crunch arrives. It will then go into a sharp descent, compounded by the delayed effects of the one-child policy.
"Not every bubble-bust episode leads to a financial crisis. However, if a demographic change, a property price bubble and a steep increase in loans coincide, then a financial crisis seems more likely," he said in Sydney at a conference on asset booms.
But what got us to thinking about inflation was an article in the Financial Times in which Mr. Dan McCrum tells us not to worry about it. He says worrying about inflation is just "part of the subculture of Armageddon upmanship...where an economic volcano is always rumbling..."
As near as we can make out Mr. McCrum - whose photo is on the article...and who appears to be about 30 years old - is unaware that volcanoes sometimes explode...and that, today, rising inflation rates are not only possible...but something you should be worried about. Someone should nudge him with an elbow and whisper in his ear: 'uh...by the way...inflation rates actually rose for 30 years before you were born..."
The situation reminds us of what happened in the late '90s...when young men like McCrum referred to fears of a dotcom bubble as "out of touch with reality." The only reality they knew was the reality of the previous 5 years - when the Nasdaq was going crazy.
Geezers like your editor warned that Nasdaq prices were out of order...and that it was madness to think they could go higher. But they did go higher, and the young guns were encouraged to believe they had discovered some kind of new era miracle...in which, yes...we recall Jim Cramer actually saying so... "the old laws of economics no longer apply"...or words to that effect!
But the laws of economics had not been repealed. They had merely held back...judgment had not been denied, just delayed, probably for the amusement of the gods who control these things. They like to see humans make fools of themselves and lose a lot of money. Then, those who claimed that, when it came to the internet revolution, they and they alone "got it," well...they got it, good and hard.
And then, scarcely 5 years later, a new breed of know-it-all knew that housing prices had to go up. We waited...we held our breath...we kept our own counsel...and discovered - surprise, surprise -- they didn't have to go up at all. They could go down...for many years.
And now, Mr. McCrum tells us we have nothing to fear from inflation. "We are awash in predictions of disaster," he continues...but "they are a dangerous way to make investment decisions."
Ha...ha...ha... So enjoy the summer. Don't worry about recession...or China...or volcanoes. Yeah, and don't worry about inflation either.
Bill Bonner is the President & Founder of Agora Inc, an international publisher of financial and special interest books and newsletters.