Jul 31, 2012|
Monetary Policy: Will SLR cut do the trick?
As usual, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) monetary policy announcements was highly anticipated this time as well. This is because of the central bank's power to ease liquidity costs and pump growth rates. But, for the second time since April 2012, the central bank decided to keep rates unchanged. Under current circumstances the RBI believes that easing policy rates would only stoke inflation, and not necessarily stimulate growth.
The RBI maintained status quo on the policy rate front. It kept the cash reserve ratio (CRR) for banks at 4.75% and the repo rate unchanged at 8%. The rate at which RBI borrows from banks (reverse repo) remains at 7% post the review. This was in line with the general market expectation.
But, there was some liquidity enhancement measures undertaken by the central bank. The RBI cut the statutory liquidity ratio (SLR) of scheduled commercial banks from 24% to 23% of their deposits with effect from mid August. The SLR is the percentage of total deposits that banks need to invest in the government bonds. The reduction will help in the flow of credit through the system. The 1% cut, based on the total deposits in the country will help inject around Rs 620 bn of liquidity into the system. However, credit offtake has been muted, and doesnit seem to be really taking off anytime soon. Thus this liquidity cushion can only be used over a course of time. Although the liquidity conditions have eased significantly in recent times, the RBI felt it was necessary to ensure that such pressures do not constrain flow of credit to productive sectors of the economy. What has also been worrying the RBI is the gap between credit and deposit growth, which could eventually choke credit flow in the system.
A rate cut at this juncture would increase inflationary pressure in the economy rather than propel growth. The RBI expects the below par monsoons this year to have a negative impact on food inflation. In April the RBI had made a baseline projection of Wholesale Price Index (WPI) inflation for March 2013 of 6.5%. However this was assuming a normal monsoon. Headline inflation continues to remain sticky, above 7%, on account of an increase in food prices, input costs, and upward revision in prices of certain administered items such as coal. Now keeping with the current trends, the central bank has raised its WPI inflation forecast to 7% for March 2013. Plus, seeing the deficient monsoon, slowing industrial activity, and weak overseas recovery, the RBI has moderated its GDP growth projections for FY13 to 6.5% from 7.3% earlier.
The primary focus of monetary policy this time was on inflation control in order to secure a sustainable growth path for India over the medium-term. The RBI has upped its inflation guidance and moderated its growth target for the country. This shows that things may not get better any time soon. Overall economic activity remains subdued and credit off take remains muted. The deficient monsoons are currently a major risk factor towards growth and inflation. All in all, we do not see the SLR cut as a masterstroke for tackling the tricky balance of inflation and growth rate.
More Views on News
Apr 11, 2017
Volumes recover, return ratios to remain under pressure.
Feb 28, 2017
State Bank of India (SBI) declared its results for the third quarter of the financial year 2015-16 (3QFY17). The net interest income for the quarter grew by 8% YoY and the profit was up by 134% YoY.
Jan 31, 2017
High operating costs and a jump in provisions have eroded profits of IDFC Bank for the December 2016 quarter.
Oct 25, 2016
Equitymaster analyses Initial Public Offering (IPO) of PNB Housing Finance Ltd, one of the leading Housing Finance companies, in the country.
Aug 18, 2016
Equitymaster analyses Initial Public Offering (IPO) of RBL Bank Ltd, one of the fastest growing private banks in the last six years.
More Views on News
Apr 19, 2017
Rohan and Kunal present you the discussions with professor Sanjay Bakshi in his virtual classroom.
Apr 22, 2017
Why HDFC Bank beat the Sensex by nearly 3 times.
Apr 19, 2017
An elephant and six blind men will tell you more about the markets than any financial newspaper or channel.
Apr 20, 2017
While it is important to get Mallya back to India, the government needs to show the same vigour in chasing defaulters of public sector bank loans residing in India.
Apr 19, 2017
PersonalFN explains how GST would impact India's mutual fund industry and investors
Copyright © Equitymaster Agora Research Private Limited. All rights reserved.
Any act of copying, reproducing or distributing this newsletter whether wholly or in part, for any purpose without the permission of Equitymaster is strictly prohibited and shall be deemed to be copyright infringement. LEGAL DISCLAIMER:
Equitymaster Agora Research Private Limited (hereinafter referred as 'Equitymaster') is an independent equity research Company. Equitymaster is not an Investment Adviser. Information herein should be regarded as a resource only and should be used at one's own risk. This is not an offer to sell or solicitation to buy any securities and Equitymaster will not be liable for any losses incurred or investment(s) made or decisions taken/or not taken based on the information provided herein. Information contained herein does not constitute investment advice or a personal recommendation or take into account the particular investment objectives, financial situations, or needs of individual subscribers. Before acting on any recommendation, subscribers should consider whether it is suitable for their particular circumstances and, if necessary, seek an independent professional advice. This is not directed for access or use by anyone in a country, especially, USA or Canada, where such use or access is unlawful or which may subject Equitymaster or its affiliates to any registration or licensing requirement. All content and information is provided on an 'As Is' basis by Equitymaster. Information herein is believed to be reliable but Equitymaster does not warrant its completeness or accuracy and expressly disclaims all warranties and conditions of any kind, whether express or implied. Equitymaster may hold shares in the company/ies discussed herein. As a condition to accessing Equitymaster content and website, you agree to our Terms and Conditions of Use, available here
. The performance data quoted represents past performance and does not guarantee future results.SEBI (Research Analysts) Regulations 2014, Registration No. INH000000537.
Equitymaster Agora Research Private Limited. 103, Regent Chambers, Above Status Restaurant, Nariman Point, Mumbai - 400 021. India.
Telephone: +91-22-6143 4055. Fax: +91-22-2202 8550. Email: email@example.com. Website: www.equitymaster.com. CIN:U74999MH2007PTC175407