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Punjab & Sind Bank: Steep targets, poor execution - Views on News from Equitymaster

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Punjab & Sind Bank: Steep targets, poor execution
Aug 1, 2012

Punjab & Sind Bank (PSB) declared its results for the first quarter of the financial year 2012-13 (1QFY13). The bank has reported 17% YoY growth in interest income and a 63% fall in net profits. Here is our analysis of the results.

Performance summary
  • Net interest income increases by 5% YoY in 1QFY13 with a 10% YoY growth in advances, on account of higher interest costs.
  • Other income falls 8% YoY in 1QFY13.
  • Cost to income ratio falls from 62% to 61% in 1QFY13 due to pension and gratuity provisions.
  • While the bank’s NIMs stood at 2.2% in 4QFY12, it has deteriorated further in the June quarter. PSB has not divulged the NIMs at the end of the June 2012 quarter.
  • CAR at 13.1% as per Basel II norms, Net NPA at 1.2% of advances at the end of 1QFY13.

Rs (m) 1QFY12 1QFY13 Change
Interest income 15,010 17,583 17.1%
Interest expense 11,502 13,894 20.8%
Net Interest Income 3,508 3,689 5.2%
Other Income 937 859 -8.3%
Other Expense 2,772 2,776 0.1%
Provisions and contingencies 682 855 25.4%
Profit before tax 991 916 -7.5%
Tax 350 676 93.1%
Profit after tax/ (loss) 641 240 -62.5%
Net profit margin (%) 4.3% 1.4%  
No. of shares (m)   234.2  
Book value per share (Rs)*   142.7  
P/BV (x)   0.4  

What has driven performance in 1QFY13?
  • Punjab & Sind Bank (PSB) managed 10% YoY growth in advances in 1QFY13, well below the sector average. Deposits grew by 8% YoY during the period. The credit/deposit ratio thus saw an increase from 72% previously to 74% in 1QFY13.

  • The bank expects a 20% growth in deposits and a 23% growth in advances for FY13. However, we believe that this may be difficult for PSB to achieve.

    Sees growth below sector average
    (Rs m) 1QFY12 % of total 1QFY13 % of total Change
    Advances 431,700   475,820   10.2%
    Deposits 597,970   643,860   7.7%
    Credit deposit ratio 72.2%   73.9%    

  • The net NPA ratio stood at 1.2%, an increase from 0.8% seen at the end of 1QFY12. The bank had to make provisions on its NPAs. A further deterioration in credit quality is expected going forward, especially with the current rising economic environment.

  • While the proportion of cost to income (61%) is certainly high compared to other PSU banks we expect this to get normalized in the medium term. The bank was able to maintain a CAR of 13.1% as per Basel II norms.

What to expect?
At the current price of Rs 63.4, the stock is valued at 0.4 times its trailing twelve months book value. The bank has performed well below the sector average so far this year. In the current tough economic conditions we believe that it will be tough for the bank to sustain growth going forward.

The bank however needs to dilute equity to strengthen its capital base over the next 1-2 years. Although its historical return on equity is comparable to that of the best managed banks, PSB is currently priced at a considerable discount to its PSU peers. However, higher provisioning and inability to control its cost of funds and asset quality are major concerns. Unfortunately the bank’s management has so far not shown inclination to throw light on the future prospects of the entity. In light of its lackluster performance and limited visibility in terms of profit sustenance, we need to review our estimates for the stock.

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