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The Real Brave-hearts are Those Who Still Have Deposits in IDBI Bank

Nov 6, 2017

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IDBI Bank is the worst performing public sector bank when it comes to its gross non-performing advances or bad loans. Bad loans are essentially loans in which the repayment from a borrower has been due for 90 days or more.

As on September 30, 2017, the bad loans rate of the bank stood at 24.98 per cent. This basically means that the borrowers have defaulted on nearly one-fourth of the loans given by the bank. Now take a look at Figure 1. It plots the bad loans of IDBI Bank over the last three years.

Figure 1:

The bad loans rate of IDBI Bank has jumped from around 5 per cent to around 25 per cent, over a period of just three years. What is happening here? What this tells us is that initially the bank did not recognise bad loans as bad loans. It probably did that by restructuring loans (i.e. giving the borrowers more time to repay or decreasing their interest rate or by simply postponing their repayment) or by issuing fresh loans to borrowers in a weak position, so that they could repay the loans that were maturing. In the process, the recognition of bad loans as bad loans was avoided.

Of course, any bank can't perpetually keep kicking the can down the road, and after a point of time must do the right thing. IDBI Bank is now doing the right thing of recognising bad loans as bad loans and given this it has such a high bad loans rate. Given that, one-fourth of the loans advanced by the bank have been defaulted on, it is worth asking whether this bank should be in the business of banking at all.

Nevertheless, the more important issue here is how do depositors view this bank. The best way to find this out is to look at the total amount of deposits the bank still has. Take a look at Figure 2, which plots that.

Figure 2:

What does Figure 2 tell us? The total deposits of the bank have fallen after peaking in December 2016. Nevertheless, the total deposits with IDBI Bank are still higher than they were three years back. Hence, the conclusion that we can draw here is that while bad loans of the bank have gone up from 5 per cent to 25 per cent over a period of three years, the total deposits with the bank are still at the level they were.

Why is this the case? Why would you continue banking with such a bank? First and foremost, this faith comes from the great faith in the government. The government will not allow any bank to go bust. Fair enough. But why wait for that to happen? Typically, when a bank lands up in major trouble, the government tends to merge it with a bigger bank and thus the depositors continue to be safe. Nevertheless, such a merger is never smooth and there might be a brief time period when the full money deposited in the bank cannot be withdrawn. Hence, liquidity can become an issue.

Also, it is worth remembering here that IDBI Bank is not a small bank. It is a relatively big bank and had total assets of close to Rs 3,61,768 crore, as on March 31, 2017. This means that if the government were to decide to merge it with another bank, the balance sheet and the profit and loss account of the combined entity, will be another big mess.

Secondly, many people are simply unaware of how badly the bank is placed. This lack of knowledge about their financial activities is a general trend among many people in this country. We spend more time gossiping and worrying about the state of the nation, than the state of our own finances.

Thirdly, many people locked in their fixed deposits at high interest rates, a few years back. In the aftermath of demonetisation, interest rates have crashed as banks have been flush with funds that were deposited and at the same time their lending has crashed. Given this, even if some individuals understand the riskiness of the situation, they really can't do much about it. In case they were to break their fixed deposits and move it to other banks, they would earn a much lower rate of interest.

And at that lower rate of interest, they would simply not be in a situation to meet their monthly expenses. This is another negative impact of demonetisation at play, with people having to continue to bank with risky public sector banks, which includes IDBI Bank.

While, some people are simply stuck with IDBI Bank, there are others who can easily move their money to other public sector banks, like State Bank of India, Vijaya Bank, Indian Bank, Syndicate Bank etc., which are in a comparatively much better position.

But given that they have chosen not to, they are the real brave-hearts.

Vivek Kaul is the Editor of the Diary and The Vivek Kaul Letter. He is the author of the Easy Money trilogy. The books were bestsellers on Amazon. His latest book is India's Big Government - The Intrusive State and How It is Hurting Us.

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36 Responses to "The Real Brave-hearts are Those Who Still Have Deposits in IDBI Bank"

Sagar Apte

Nov 16, 2017

Thanks for the article. Good read but definitely not correct and justified. If you would have given a bigger picture and position of more banks it would have been a justified story.

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Suhana Handdi

Nov 16, 2017

I've read your story and I want to ask you one thing. Why are you only going after IDBI Bank? There are so many other banks which are also in trouble, and doing badly but you've ignored them. I would have appreciated and considered your story unbiased if you would have given a complete comparison and analysis of the Banking situation but you haven’t done that. Very disappointed.

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AkshayK

Nov 16, 2017

Why are so many of your stories so negative? Instead of having confidence and positivity, you keep generating unnecessary turbulence which is very bad in the economic market right now.

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Sunirmal

Nov 14, 2017

I have read through the entire article and conclude that this article was written to target IDBI and is completely biased. Some of the key factors ignored by the writer:
- Majority of the NPAs are from Corporate Banking.
- Many of the funds were released for infrastructure development.
- Retail arm of the bank was merged in the recent past as compared to the overall age of the Bank.
- Ignoring the significant contribution of the Retail arm of the Bank.
- Indian politics and its influence on the public sector banks.
- Ignoring poor situation of many other public sector banks and thereby the GOI infusing additional fund to the bank.

I pity the organisation (the U S market spoiler AMAZON) declaring this writers work the best seller. How can this biased individual can be a best seller without fudging the numbers.

And as usual the novice common Indian customer started dancing on the tune of a manipulator singing the song of poor customer service due to their ever cribbing nature. Wish these customers are thrown to some developed market in the world and they will not say a word when required to stand in long queues to get their work done.

Finally, very distasteful, poor informed and biased article.

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Ayush Chaturvedi

Nov 12, 2017

These kind of half cooked articles for presenting one's own viewpoint only, is not honest journalism. And shows how few such journalists are tarnishing the image of media.

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Max B

Nov 12, 2017

Sir,
I have been following EM for a very long time. Many a times I used to doubt EM's analytical points but having read this article I have some serious questions wrt EM's research quality. I being from banking industry always keep updates of this industry and it is always necessary to have a holistic view. But your article seems to be written by some novice and has lacked the inclusion of various parameters viz.macro, micro, swot and pestle analysis. Nonetheless the NPA position of bank is in deep trouble but backed by assets to get them recovered and if u may know the legal proceedings takes time to setoff the overdues. Moreover the NPA position is largely from the corporate part almost 95% whereby the retail contribution is the rest portion. Now the retail mainly deals with the public services, deposits and retail loan whose quality is best among the industry. Till today the service provided by retail branches are exemplary and the deposits and retail advances have grown due to promising future of the bank despite the troublesome situation bank is growing through currently.

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NiharS

Nov 12, 2017

Dear Mr. Kaul


I have read the entire story , I have only one question for you. Why have you targeted only IDBI Bank? There are many more banks including number of PSBs which are facing the heat. I would have appreciated and considered your story unbiased if you would have given a complete comparison and analysis of the current Banking situation.

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Paresh

Nov 11, 2017

IDBI Bank is number one amongst all PSBs in terms of service delivery as recently declared by BCSBI .
The bank has undertaken a robust turn around strategy . The financials as on 30th September 2017 clearly shows that the team is well poised to achieve its goal. The following are the major achievements:
1. Operating Profit of the bank increased by 81.69 % on YOY and 219.04 % increase over last quarter.
2. Net losses reduced by 76.78 % over last quarter.
3. NIM improved by 45 bps over last quarter to 2.17 %.
4. Net Interest Income improved by 18.19 % over last quarter.
5. CRAR stood at 11.98%
6. Operating Expenses reduced by 7.47 % over last quarter.
7. Fresh slippage has been contained .
8. Recovery and Upgradation improved to ? 4935 Crores .
9. CASA % is 35.34 %
10. Interest expenses reduced by 19.31 %.
11. Cost of funds improved to 5.95 % .
12. Cost to income ratio reduced to 29.17 % from 58.67 % in previous quarter.

All the parameters shown above clearly pro

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IDBI Customer

Nov 10, 2017

I really appreciate the research which was posted by Vivek Kaul. Fully agree with him on his views. My self iam customer of IDBI and my salary account is with the bank, because my company does business with the bank the customer service is pathetic. whether the bank has tech savvy or not is none of my concern as average indian i need my money safe guarded. People expressed their trust in bank ability to bounce back.I dont know about that .

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Sunil Doshi

Nov 10, 2017

Dear Vivek,

I agree with other writers on your IDBI article.Your facts may be true.It has been caused by corruption
at Higher end.At Ground Level, it is totally different.This is the ONLY Bank which has a PSU tag but works
like a Private Sector Bank.Around six months back Shri Arun Jaitely had commented that we want to make IDBI like IDFC.So, there will enough support from Top and from IDBI employees to bring the Bank out of it's Past mistakes.

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