X

Sign up for Equitymaster's free daily newsletter, The 5 Minute WrapUp and get access to our latest Multibagger guide (2017 Edition) on picking money-making stocks.

This is an entirely free service. No payments are to be made.


Download Now Subscribe to our free daily e-letter, The 5 Minute WrapUp and get this complimentary report.
We hate spam as much as you do. Check out our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use.
The HelpYourNGO Strategic Giving Series: Corpus Donations - Outside View
 
 
The HelpYourNGO Strategic Giving Series: Corpus Donations

Human beings are biased towards action. When we are approached by a hungry child or a request to leave our change in a charity box, we (naturally) assume that our contribution will make a difference to the beneficiary's situation in life. When faced with uncertainty, we prefer to act with the belief that we made an impact.

This bias towards action happens with decisions related to financial investments, impulse purchases, food and even giving to charity! Most of us give one-off donations to NGOs and don't reflect about it later. Yet most would be surprised to know how minimal the impact our money has had. More importantly, we do not release that if given strategically, the same sum could create a larger impact.

Donating to an organisation's corpus fund is a great way to help an NGO sustain itself in the future. A corpus fund is like a permanent fund that an organisation cannot dip into except in emergencies. The corpus fund and the interest on it act as an internal source of funds, as opposed to grants or donations that are one-offs received by an organisation. Additionally, a corpus fund can be created out of internal accruals and surpluses as well.

A healthy corpus fund can be a good indicator of an organisation's sustainability. In FY2013, The Akshaya Patra Foundation, The Leprosy Mission Trust India, HelpAge India, Sri Chaitanya Seva Trust, ISKCON Food Relief Foundation had the largest corpuses of all 565 NGOs on our site. These organisations are well known, have been running impactful programmes for at least five years, and have among the highest spend on programme expenses in the latest available year.

You would be surprised to know that a number of 'known' NGOs are living a hand-to-mouth existence, overly reliant on the goodness of strangers to continue the work they are doing. Dependency on external donors makes it difficult for them to plan their activities in advance. A day-to-day existence also makes it hard for an NGO to innovate or scale programmes to benefit more people. Would Akshaya Patra be able to feed 1.3 million children if they were trying to cut corners at every step? HelpAge India provided 1.23 million free treatments through their mobile vans in 2013, the kind of scale that requires large investments.

NGOs tend to run their programmes as per the funding they receive. However, programme funding only covers the expenses of running that particular time-bound programme. An organisation with a healthy corpus fund is able to prioritise spending. As an example, interest income earned from the corpus could be a guaranteed source to finance the annual rent paid by an education NGO for the space they use to educate their beneficiaries.

A corpus fund in a legitimate organisation can go a long way towards supporting beneficiaries and programmes. Therefore, if you're considering donating to an organisation you like, we'd urge you to reserve a part of your donation for the organisation's corpus fund. What's more, you'll know your money won't be misused. Here's why:

  • A corpus fund is strongly regulated: Under the Indian Income Tax Act, an NGO cannot transfer more than 15% of a year's voluntary donations towards the corpus fund. At least 85% is to be used for programme expenses which ensures that an NGO doesn't forego programme activities to build up its own corpus .

  • Donations to a corpus fund are regulated: A donor has to include an explicit, written statement specifying that the donation is for the purposes of the corpus fund.
Watch out for:

NGOs that have built up large corpus funds and high interest income without corresponding spends on programme expenses, staff costs, overhead expenses or earmarked funds over two or three years. A donor should explore why an NGO is building up a corpus when no charitable work is evident.

About HelpYourNGO:

HelpYourNGO.com seeks to increase transparency in the social sector and promote philanthropy. Donors can use HelpYourNGO to make an informed decision by accessing NGO financials and comparing data across multiple parameters.

To learn more about the NGO sector please visit HelpYourNGO Knowledge Centre.

This piece first appeared on the HelpYourNGO Knowledge Centre Blog on 2nd January 2015

1 http://www.incometaxforngos.org/accumulation.htm, accessed on 2nd January 2015

Disclaimer:
The views mentioned above are of the author only. Data and charts, if used, in the article have been sourced from available information and have not been authenticated by any statutory authority. The author and Equitymaster do not claim it to be accurate nor accept any responsibility for the same. The views constitute only the opinions and do not constitute any guidelines or recommendation on any course of action to be followed by the reader. Please read the detailed Terms of Use of the web site.

 

Equitymaster requests your view! Post a comment on "The HelpYourNGO Strategic Giving Series: Corpus Donations". Click here!

  
 

More Views on News

How to Ride Alongside India's Best Fund Managers (The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Jun 10, 2017

Forty Indian investing gurus, as worthy of imitation as the legendary Peter Lynch, can help you get rich in the stock market.

Were You Lured By Mr Market's Bait? (The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Aug 23, 2017

Mr Market lured investors into believing they'd bitten into a crash. Did you take the bait?

Deep State First (Vivek Kaul's Diary)

Aug 23, 2017

Nowhere was the darkness deeper than in the nation's capital. There, no light shone. No flicker of awareness...observation...learning...or reflection appeared.

Why Hasn't Warren Buffett Rung the Bell Yet? (The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Aug 22, 2017

It's surprising Warren Buffett hasn't warned investors about the expensive stock market? Let us know why.

Think Twice Before You Keep Money In A Savings Bank Account (Outside View)

Aug 22, 2017

Post demonetisation, a cut in bank savings deposits rates was in the offing.

More Views on News

Most Popular

This Small Cap Can Drive Chinese Players Out of India (and Make a Fortune in the Process)(The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Aug 17, 2017

A small-cap Indian company with high-return potential and blue-chip-like stability is set to supplant the Chinese players in this niche segment.

The Most Important Innovation in Finance Since Gold Coins(Vivek Kaul's Diary)

Aug 10, 2017

Bill connects the dots...between money and growth, real money and real resources, gold and cryptocurrencies...and between gold, cryptocurrencies, and time.

It's the Best Time to Buy IT Stocks(Daily Profit Hunter)

Aug 16, 2017

The IT Sector could be in an uptrend till February 2019. Are you prepared to ride the trend?

Bitcoin Continues Stellar Rise(Chart Of The Day)

Aug 10, 2017

Bitcoin hits an all-time high, is there more upside left?

5 Steps To Become Financially Independent(Outside View)

Aug 16, 2017

Ensure your financial Independence, and pledge to start the journey towards financial freedom today!

More
 

Become A Smarter Investor In
Just 5 Minutes

Multibagger Stocks Guide 2017
Get our special report, Multibagger Stocks Guide (2017 Edition) Now!
We will never sell or rent your email id.
Please read our Terms

S&P BSE SENSEX


Aug 23, 2017 (Close)

MARKET STATS