X

Sign up for Equitymaster's free daily newsletter, The 5 Minute WrapUp and get access to our latest Multibagger guide (2017 Edition) on picking money-making stocks.

This is an entirely free service. No payments are to be made.


Download Now Subscribe to our free daily e-letter, The 5 Minute WrapUp and get this complimentary report.
We hate spam as much as you do. Check out our Privacy Policy and Terms Of Use.
The Golden Truth: Long term pains for short term gains? - Outside View
 
 
The Golden Truth: Long term pains for short term gains?

So what do policymakers do every time there's an economic problem? They simply try to jump start the economy via financial intrusions. And what does this supposedly well-thought of step do? It buys time for the near term at the cost of fiscal clarity in the long run.

And so it is that each time a crisis strikes, lowering the value of currency seems to be the most resorted-to solution. However this only makes it more difficult to get overstretched balance sheets back to normal levels.

Why are we talking about economic crisis? Simply because we happen to be in the midst of one! The crisis that started in 2007 is not over yet. It's just moved to its next phase - "Sovereign debt crisis".

There has been a dramatic increase in the public debt levels of many developed economies. And the sadder part is that these levels are all set to continue rising, atleast in the foreseeable future. It's all quite evident, given the unsustainability of the path pursued by fiscal authorities in many industrial countries.

Chart: Sovereign Debt to GDP in the G-7
Source: IMF Global Financial Stability Report April 2010

For the sake of long-term growth and monetary stability, it is imperative for governments to begin taking drastic measures to check the rapid growth of current and future liabilities.

Debt politics vary with each country - some countries have been pushed onto the path to high debt, while others follow extravagant official spending. On the whole, fiscal deficits have been deteriorating sharply, rising by 20 - 30% of GDP over just three years. Even more worrying is the fact that most of the projected deficits are structural deficits; which are not because of temporary downturn in the economy but rather a result of the government making a conscious decision to spend more money than it takes in. So, in the absence of immediate corrective action, assuming that nothing is done about these deficits; we can expect these to persist even during recovery of the economic cycle.

Chart: Average Surplus required to stabilize the public debt / GDP at the 2007 level
Source: Paper on "The Future of Public debt: prospects and implications by Stephen G Cecchetti, M S Mohanty and Fabrizio Zampolli

One immediate fallout of the failure to address these deficit issues immediately could be an abrupt rise in government bond yields at medium and long maturities. Now, a spurt in such activity could put the nascent economic recovery at a risk, and that would be very unfortunate indeed. This could also see central bankers struggling to control inflation pressures, which might ultimately threaten present monetary policy arrangements.

But governments are simply not ready to take that step at this moment. They believe that any withdrawal could risk the recovery, which is actually driven by stimulus measures.

Adding to the gloom, the current expansionary fiscal policy has coincided with the rising of largely age-related spending, like pension and health care costs. The long term fiscal imbalance and the present value of unfunded liabilities arising from ageing is very large. For the United States the estimate is around 6.9%. According to the data provided by the US Congressional Budget Office (CBO 2009), the United States would need a permanent improvement of 2.6% of GDP (as per 2009) in its budget balance over the next 50 years to stabilize the Federal Debt/GDP ratio.

This vicious circle of ever-increasing debt and resultant monetary debasement is in need of Draconian measures to stop. We might be searching in vain, but still, we need strong political will to solve the long-run imbalance. Governments need to be forced on to the path of fiscal austerity and rectitude, else the instability of government finances are bound to explode into a funding crisis. We've had recent examples of Dubai and Greece; but these are just glimpses of a long emergency that could lie ahead.

Tragically, history seems to suggest that negative consequences of previous attempts will continue to encourage governments to keep trying monetary interventions. In such highly explosive times, only one stable keeper of value remains - Gold.

Unless policymakers are forced to move towards a more rational and long-term approach i.e going through short term pains for longer term gains; gold will likely keep gaining in value, and hence seems to be an investor's safest bet.

Editor's Note: The Golden Truth is authored by Chirag Mehta. Chirag is Fund Manager - Commodities at Quantum Mutual Fund. Views expressed in this article are entirely those of the author and may not be regarded as views of Quantum Mutual Fund or Quantum Asset Management Company Private Limited. The views constitute only the opinions and do not constitute any guidelines or recommendation on any course of action to be followed by the reader.

 

Equitymaster requests your view! Post a comment on "The Golden Truth: Long term pains for short term gains?". Click here!

  
 

More Views on News

How to Ride Alongside India's Best Fund Managers (The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Jun 10, 2017

Forty Indian investing gurus, as worthy of imitation as the legendary Peter Lynch, can help you get rich in the stock market.

You've Heard of Timeless Books... Ever Heard of Timeless Stocks? (The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Aug 19, 2017

Ever heard of Lindy Effect? Find out how you can use it to pick timeless stocks.

Why NOW Is the WORST Time for Index Investing (The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Aug 18, 2017

Buying the index now will hardly help make money in stocks even in ten years.

Trump Takes a Beating (Vivek Kaul's Diary)

Aug 18, 2017

Donald J Trump, a wrasslin' fan, took a 'Holy Sh*t!' blow on Tuesday.

How To Read Your Mutual Fund Account Statement Correctly (Outside View)

Aug 17, 2017

PersonalFN simplifies the mutual fund account statement for you.

More Views on News

Most Popular

Demonetisation Barely Made Any Difference to Tax Collections(Vivek Kaul's Diary)

Aug 7, 2017

The data tells us quite a different story from the one the government is trying to project.

A 'Backdoor' to Multibaggers: It's Like Investing in Asian Paints Ten Years Ago(The 5 Minute Wrapup)

Aug 10, 2017

Don't miss these proxy bets on growing companies or in a few years you will be looking back with regret.

Should You Invest In Bharat-22 ETF? Know Here...(Outside View)

Aug 8, 2017

Bharat-22 is one of the most diverse ETFs offered so far by the Government. Know here if you should invest...

Signs of Life in the India VIX(Daily Profit Hunter)

Aug 12, 2017

The India VIX is up 36% in the last week. Fear has gone up but is still low by historical standards.

7 Financial Gifts For Your Sister This Raksha Bandhan(Outside View)

Aug 7, 2017

Raksha Bandhan signifies the brother-sister bond. Here are 7 thoughtful financial gifts for sisters...

More
 

Become A Smarter Investor In
Just 5 Minutes

Multibagger Stocks Guide 2017
Get our special report, Multibagger Stocks Guide (2017 Edition) Now!
We will never sell or rent your email id.
Please read our Terms

S&P BSE SENSEX


Aug 18, 2017 (Close)

MARKET STATS