Everyone, but everyone, knows that stock markets globally are driven by two primal emotions, viz excessive greed (which brings about the end of a bull market) and fear (which signals the demise of the bear). The underlay of these two emotions are complacency and lethargy, respectively. The current rally which took the sensex up from 14,700 to 17,700 may lead investor to become complacent, or sanguine, for old times sake. They ought not to. Better buying opportunities should come later.
The reason for the caution are that both domestic and global factors warrant a display of caution. General elections at the Centre are due next year, but expected to be called late this year as the ideological strains of smiling for a family picture will start telling and as a coalition Government turns into a collision Government. States like Karnataka are going to the polls shortly.
Governments, except under severe pressure as in 1991, tend to take foolish economic decisions. As elections approach, they compete even harder for foolishness, bordering asininity. Parties in Karnataka are promising things like free power, a complete waiver of farm debt and other things, in order to curry political support. This largesse, of course, comes from Government (hence tax payers) coffers and not from party coffers which, logically, it should. One way to bring a measure of sanity would be to ask political parties to bear a part of the cost (say 10%) of electoral promises from party funds!
Foolish decisions take their toll on companies and on the economy; thus on stokmarkets. The subsidy provided for petroleum products is estimated at Rs. 77,000 crores, comprising petrol (7,300), diesel (35,700) PDS kerosene (19,100) and LPG (15,500). This is borne by the Government and upstream and downstream oil & gas companies who are partly compensated for the losses through issuance of bonds. The downstream companies such as IOC, BPCL and HPCL are financially haemorrhaging and have become highly leveraged. They do not now, have money to import diesel without which road transport would come to a halt and economic growth would not be the expected 8.5% or more.
With crude oil prices relentlessly rising (they hit $ 126/b) the subsidy burden can only balloon and the foolishness of the subsidy policy only exacerbate. A rebalancing of our energy mix is needed and the main hope is gas, which, fortuitously, we have discovered in good measure. Gas, however, would remain buried under the sea until its pricing, now in dispute, is expeditiously resolved. We cannot afford the luxury of a slow moving judicial system; the issue has to be settled soon and with finality.
The foolishness of Government interference and its impact on companies is also evident in the telecom sector. In Mar 2006 BSNL, a wholly owned Government telecom company, launched a tender for some 45m lines. Being a Government entity, the tendering process was subjected to challenge by writ, and finally the tender was drastically pruned on ministerial instruction. BSNL, which then had 17.6m customers, grew to 40.7m customers two years later. Private sector Bharti Airtel, not subjected to meddling, has grown from 19. 5 to 62m customers in the same period.
Bharti is now seeking to expand overseas, by trying to acquire MTN of South Africa (not to be mistaken with MTNL, which Bharti would be reluctant to acquire, given the differences in work culture). BSNL is now opening a new tender for 93m. lines, worth some Rs. 40,000 crores, which would have equipment suppliers salivating and one hopes that the Government has learnt the errors of micromanaging and doesn’t do anything foolish to interrupt it.
Yet other examples of Government pre election actions are in its arm twist of steel companies in both public and private sector, to bring down prices, never mind higher input costs, which they have agreed to now. The prices would, naturally, play catch up once elections are over. Or in the ban on future trading in agro commodities in order to contain inflation is another. Even though a Government committee found no link between prices and futures trading, this was banned. Consequently prices of soya oil, e.g. have soared, instead of fallen!
In fact there is now an illegal market in Indore, called dabba market, which trades in commodities like soya oil and settles trades through the unofficial hawala route. The ban is completely irrational and only a gesture towards containing inflation, without success. The market for the commodity is being exported. If this is not Kafkaesque, what is?
In corporate news of interest, L&T is undertaking a restructuring which would involve hiving off of a dozen operating subsidiaries, thus unlocking a lot of value. The parent company would have a board to guide these subsidiaries and to manage the L&T brand, which is estimated to be worth $ 2b. It is one way to protect the company from takeover; perhaps the trigger was the likely sale by SUUTI (the SPV formed to take over distressed UTI 64 assets) of its 9.1% stake in L&T.
The US $ slid against the Euro and other major currencies, but, surprisingly, especially with elections around the corner, has strengthened against the rupee, which went up to over Rs. 41.5 to the dollar. Perhaps due to massive RBI intervention in buying the greenback.
Globally, too, there is need for caution. Warren Buffet has warned of further pain in the financial system, though not, thankfully, of a panic. Panic was caused by excessive fears of counter party risk having slowed credit growth and was averted by the actions of the US Fed whilst rescuing Bear Sterns. Poor quality securitised mortgages were exchanged for higher quality Government bonds. It seems to have worked in restoring confidence for now. The US Fed seems to have suggested an end to cuts in interest rates.
The sensex fell on all five days of trading last week, losing 862 points to end at 16737. Of the 30 stocks, only two, viz Tata Steel (which contributed 35 points) and HUL (1) were in the black. Major contributors to the decline were RIL (156), L&T (117) and ICICI (99). The Nifty lost 245 points to close at 4982.
It is possible that there could be another rally to take the sensex back to 17,500 levels. If and when that happens, remember the title of this column.
Have you read the latest Honest Truth by Ajit Dayal?