This is a testing time for all. The US got downgraded by S & P, losingits AAA rating, which is now AA+. Global stockmarkets reacted onopening, on Monday, with the BSE sensex losing over 500 points intraday and ending down 315.
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It's a testing time for investors. Is this dip a buying opportunity?Or is worse ahead?
It's a testing time for other countries too. Rumoured to be next inline for losing its AAA status is France, making its President,Nicolas Sarkozy, cut short a holiday to rush back to the capital (oola la, things must really be worrisome).
The founders of S&P were quite prescient in giving it the name. At therate things are going, country ratings would be either standard orpoor!
So, what lies ahead? Investors can expect several bounces from thesensex level of 16,000 or so, and several falls back to test thatlevel, whenever another crisis erupts. As it will.
The bounces will occur because there is, in fact, global liquiditywaiting to feel comfortable enough to invest. According to a studytitled 'Updating Global Capital Markets and Flows: 2011' in McKinseyQuarterly the stock of global financial assets was $ 210 tr. at the end of 2010.
This capital earns a return when global GDP grows. Global GDP is about$ 65 trillion, growing at some 4%. Thus the stock of financial capitalearns inadequate returns. When there is a crisis, as after thedowngrade, it flees global stockmarkets, causing the sharp falls. Whenit feels comforted, such as after the announcement by the Fed that itwill continue its easy monetary stance (that's like a doctor tellingan alcoholic that the bar will be kept open all night), or when US jobloss data is better than 'expectations' (heck - job losses were stillat 395,000, some 20,000 fewer than expected - is that supposed to begood news?) markets rally.
The problems of bad economic management manifest themselves in variousways. In London, minorities rioted, in protest of unequal jobopportunities, causing a lot of damage and mayhem. UK politicians arenot reviewing the economic policies and seeking to address the root ofthe problem; they are, instead, picking on social network sites suchas Facebook and Twitter, for their role in providing ease ofcommunication which allowed the organised riots.
Increasingly one will see 'security concerns' overriding 'personalfreedoms' leading to intrusions into personal privacy. The IndianGovernment has already leaned on services like Blackberry messenger toprovide it access. Knowing how the Indian polity works, the chances ofsuch intrusions being misused for silencing political opposition, arehigh. Witness, e.g., the ban on the release of a movie in 3 stateswhich, though cleared by the censor board, did not meet with politicalapproval.
Investors can thus expect the 16,000 sensex level to be tested severaltimes in the coming few months. They could enter as close to thatlevel as their greed permits them to. If the level is breached, onsome particularly bad news which one cannot foresee at the moment,then 14,000 would be an excellent buying opportunity.
The problems of the US are well known. Its economic growth depends oncontinued consumer spending, which accounts for 70% of GDP. Governmentspending accounts for over 35% of GDP and the deal to raise the debtceiling requires it to be cut by $ 2.1 trillion. The US consumer wouldneed, anyways, to cut consumption and increase saving, which he hasstarted doing. So one can expect that US would follow Japan and have along stretch of nominal 1-2% GDP growth.
Andy Lees of UBS says that there is too little innovation because ofthe misallocation of capital due to low interest rates.
Interest rates must rise and if they do, stockmarkets would tumble.This is a self made trap which the US will take a long time to get outof.
Technology can provide an answer. It's generally the scientists thatclean up messes politicians make. American urban planning was based onthe back of a personal transportation system that relied on cheap oil,with the US exercising its financial and political muscle to keep oillow, until the Middle Eastern producers banded together to createOPEC. We may have hit peak oil and so oil prices are climbing.There is a lot of oil trapped inside Canada's tar sands, for example.
Perhaps more than in Saudi Arabia. The problem was that it wasdifficult, expensive, environmentally damaging and hazardous tohealth, to extract. A new, chemical, process, has now been discoveredto get oil out of tar sands in an environmentally friendly and cheaper way If this is commercialised, the US dependence on Middle Eastern oilwill diminish, which will have geopolitical repercussions. The US, inturn, is developing its massive reserves of shale oil. According tothe website www.dailyreckoning.com, "Estimated U.S. oil shale reservestotal an astonishing 1.5 trillion barrels of oil - or more than fivetimes the stated reserves of Saudi Arabia."
Coming to India, exports are up, indirect tax collection in July is up16.4%, and Brent crude prices have fallen to around $ 100, from a highof 127 in April. The RBI is correctly following a tight monetarypolicy stance.
But we also continue to do foolish things. One of which is to keep pumping money into Air India. Why should it be necessary for the Government to own an airline that it has no chance of ever being able to rescue and in which it keeps pumping money as in a bottomless pit? If the objective is only so that in times of crisis (such as for evacuating Indians out of Libya or Japan) surely planes can be chartered or military aircraft used? It would be far cheaper. Air India has a debt burden of Rs 46,000 crores, 70% of which is from the collection of banks including SBI, PNB, BOB, BOI, IDBI, CBI and OBC.
The dues just escaped being termed as NPAs due to an infusion of cash last month but for how long can the default be avoided? Moody's has warned India of a rating downgrade because of high NPA's of banks.
In corporate news, Piramal Healthcare, flush with funds after the$19b. sale to Abbott of its pharma business, has struck a sweet deal.
It has bought 5.5% of Vodafone for $640m., which allows the parent tobring down its stake below the mandated 74%. Apparently, PiramalHealthcare will be provided an exit within two years in one of threeways. An IPO. A buyback. Or a buyout by another investor. The dealwill give it an assured 17-20% return. Sweet!
The BSE sensex dropped 467 points to close at 16839 and the NSE-Niftydropped 138 to close at 5072. Another few hundred points drop on thesensex would provide a buying opportunity, bearing in mind that thesensex would, probably, repeatedly test the 16,000 level.
Testing, testing, testing...
J Mulraj is a stockmarket columnist and observer of long standing. His weekly column on stockmarkets has run for over 17 years. An MBA from IIM Kolkata, he has been a member of the BSE. He is now India Representative for Institutional Investor. A keen observer of events and trends, he writes in a lucid yet readable style and takes up issues on behalf of the individual investor. Nothing pleases him more than a reader who confesses having no interest in stockmarkets yet being a reader of his columns. His other interests include reading, both fiction and non fiction, bridge, snooker and chess.
The views mentioned above are of the author only. Data and charts, if used, in the article have been sourced from available information and has not been authenticated by any statutory authority. The authors, Quantum AMC and Quantum Advisors do not claim it to be accurate nor accept any responsibility for the same.
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