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What is Gap-Up and Gap-Down In Share Market?

If you’re a novice investor and keep up with the latest development of the share market, a common term you must have heard is a gap up market or a gap down market.

Gap-up and gap-down are terms used in financial markets to describe a situation where the opening price of a security is significantly higher or lower from the previous day's closing price.

A gap-up occurs when the opening price of a security is higher than the previous day's closing price. This could happen due to a positive news announcement, earnings report, or any other factor that creates optimism among investors.

On the other hand, a gap-down occurs when the opening price of a security is much lower than the previous day's closing price. This could happen due to negative news, poor earnings, or any other factor that creates pessimism among investors.

Understanding each term with an example...

Suppose that the closing price of a stock on Monday was Rs 100. On Tuesday, the market opens, and the stock's opening price is Rs 110. In this scenario, we say that the stock has gained Rs 10. The gap up occurs because the opening price is significantly higher than the previous day's closing price.

Conversely, if the stock's opening price on Tuesday was Rs 90, we say that the stock has gapped down by Rs 10. The gap down occurs because the opening price is significantly lower than the previous day's closing price.

Gap up and gap down are essential concepts for investors and traders to understand because they can signal significant changes in the market's sentiment towards a stock. A gap up may indicate that the stock is in high demand, while a gap down may indicate that the stock is facing selling pressure.

A gap-up is typically seen as a bullish sign, indicating that buyers are willing to pay more for the security. While a gap-down is typically seen as a bearish sign, indicating that sellers are willing to accept less for security.

These gaps are a critical component of technical analysis as they either emphasize the beginning of a trend, the conclusion or the perpetuation of a trend. Either way, this is an important input for your trading decision.

However, it is important to note that gap up and gap down do not always indicate a trend reversal and should be considered in conjunction with other technical and fundamental indicators before making any investment decisions.


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