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Global steel industry: Key stats

Sep 11, 2008

The steel industry has been witnessing robust growth in both domestic as well as international markets. In this article, let us have a look at how has the steel industry performed globally in 2007. Capacity: The global crude steel production capacity has grown by around 7% to 1.6 bn in 2007 from 1.5 bn tonnes in 2006. The capacity has shown a growth rate of 7% CAGR since 2003. The additions to capacity over last few years have ranged from 36 m tonnes in 2004 to 108 m tonnes in 2007. Asian region accounts for more than 60% of the total production capacity of world, backed mainly by capacity in China, Japan, India, Russia and South Korea. These nations are among the top steel producers in the world.

Source: Tata Steel AR FY08

Production: The global steel production stood at 1.3 bn tonnes in 2007, showing an increase of 7.5% as compared to 2006 levels. The global steel production showed a growth of 8% CAGR between 2003 and 2007. China accounts for around 36% of world crude steel production followed by Japan (9%), US (7%), Russia (5%) and India (4%). In 2007, all the top five steel producing countries have showed an increase in production except US, which showed a decline.

Rank Country Production (mn tonnes) World share (%)
1 China 489 36.0%
2 Japan 120 9.0%
3 US 98 7.0%
4 Russia 72 5.0%
5 India 53 4.0%
6 South Korea 51 3.5%
Source: JSW Steel AR FY08

Consumption: The global steel consumption grew by 6.6% to 1.2 bn tonnes as compared to 2006 levels. The global finished steel consumption showed a growth of 8% CAGR, in line with the production, between the period 2003 and 2007. The finished steel consumption in China and India grew by 13% and 11% respectively in 2007. The BRIC countries were the major demand drivers for steel consumption, accounting for nearly 80% of incremental steel consumption in 2007.

Rank Country Consumption (mn tonnes) World share (%)
1 China 408 36.0%
2 US 108 9.0%
3 Japan 80 6.7%
4 South Korea 55 4.6%
5 India 51 4.2%
6 Russia 40 3.3%
Source: JSW Steel AR FY08

Outlook: As per IISI estimates, the finished steel consumption in world is expected to reach a level of 1.75 bn tonnes by 2016, growth of 4% CAGR over the consumption level of 2007. The steel consumption in 2008 and 2009 is estimated to grow above 6%.

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