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Best Power Stocks in India

Best Power Stocks in India

Power is one of the most critical components of infrastructure, crucial for the economic growth and welfare of nations.

India is the world's third-largest producer as well as the third-largest consumer of power (electricity).

The country's power sector has made significant inroads over the last decade, doubling its installed capacity from 200 gigawatts (GW) in the financial year 2012 to 403 GW in the financial year 2022.

This comes on the back of strong reforms from the Ministry of Power. They have turned the country from one with a power shortage to one with a surplus by establishing a single national grid, fortifying the distribution network, and achieving universal household electrification.

Despite the significant increase in the power generation capacity, India still faces challenges in meeting the growing demand for power as reliable supply remains low in the country.

Electricity demand is on the rise. This is attributable to the growing population, rising levels of electrification in villages and smaller towns and a robust per-capita usage. The per capita consumption is less than a third of the global average highlighting the opportunity for growth. The demand for power in India is expected to grow threefold between 2018 and 2040.

India's power sector is one of the most diversified in the world. Sources of power generation range from conventional sources such as coal, lignite, natural gas, oil, hydro and nuclear power, to viable non-conventional sources such as wind, solar, agricultural and domestic waste.

However, we are still largely dependent on conventional sources such as coal. Coal-fired (including lignite) thermal power plants account for more than 50% of the total installed capacity.

Porter's Five Forces Analysis of the Power Sector in India

Porter's Five Forces is a model that identifies and analyzes five competitive forces that shape every industry.

These are barriers to entry, bargaining power of suppliers, bargaining power of customers, threat of substitutes and competition within the industry.

A change in any of the forces normally requires a company to re-assess the marketplace.

Let us have a look at how these five forces shape the power sector:

#1 Barriers to Entry

The most attractive segment is one in which barriers to entry are high as they restrict the threat of new entrants.

Conversely if the barriers are low, the risk of new companies venturing into a given market is high.

In the power sector, barriers to entry are high. Moreso in in the transmission and distribution segments, which are largely state monopolies. The primary reasons are high fixed costs, fuel linkages and payment guarantees from state governments that buy power and retail distribution license.

#2 Bargaining Power of Suppliers

The bargaining power of suppliers is the ability of suppliers to put the firm under pressure. Suppliers may refuse to work with the firm or charge excessively high prices for unique resources.

The bargaining power of suppliers in the power sector is moderate since the tariff structure is mainly regulated.

#3 Bargaining Power of Customers

The bargaining power of customers is the ability of customers to put the firm under pressure. It is high if buyers have many alternatives and low if they have few choices.

In the power sector, the bargaining power of customers is low. Despite low switching costs and the fact that electricity is an undifferentiated product, customers don't tend to change their source of electricity often.

#4 Competition

For most industries, understanding the competition is vital to successfully marketing or selling a product.

The competition in the power industry is low, as new entrants are dissuaded by a shortage of inputs such as natural gas and regulatory hurdles.

#5 Threat of Substitutes

A substitute product uses a different technology to try to solve the same economic need.

The threat of substitutes for the power sector is low as there is no alternative to power. Whereas within the sector, the threat of substitutes is moderate as the cost of switching to substitutes like solar, wind energy etc. is still high.

However, as the industry is still transforming and once the substitute sources become viable, the threat of substitutes can rise over the long term.

Porters Five Forces Analysis of the Power Sector in India

Porters Five Forces Analysis of the Power Sector in India

When to Invest in Power Stocks

The demand for power is closely linked to the economic growth which makes it a highly cyclical industry. This means that for some reason the economy and by extension the stock market flounders, so will power stocks.

Since economic cycles affect the earnings prospects, the best time to buy power stocks is at the start of an economic expansion. And the best time to sell is just before the economy begins to slow down.

So, if you invest in an power stock at the peak of an economic cycle there is good chance you will lose a huge chunk of the investment. Nevertheless, identifying the bottom of the cycle is not an easy task.

In the past decade, the power sector has provided investors healthy returns but overall, the performance of the sector has been underwhelming. However, with the advent of the renewable power in the country, this is likely to change.

Companies producing power with conventional sources have pivoted their businesses to focus on developing cleaner sources of energy. So, a good time to look at power stocks would be now, when companies are ramping up their clean energy sources.

The demand for power should continue to increase. With a rising urban population, the need for clean and infallible power supply gives immense scope for growth in the power sector.

Key Points to Keep in Mind While Investing in Power Stocks

Here are some key points to take note of before you invest in power stocks:

#1 Cyclicality of the sector

This is the most important factor one must keep in mind while investing in power stocks.

The power sector, being cyclical, is dependent on business cycles and economic conditions. As the demand for power is closely linked to the economy, power stocks are usually riskier - their fortunes are prone to economic booms and busts.

Usually, cyclical stocks can be used to generate high returns when the economy is doing well and vice versa.

#2 The shift towards cleaner sources of power (energy)

From EPC projects to energy generation and transmission, power companies are deep diving into every facet of the renewable segment. This renewed focus makes renewable power a noteworthy sector for the long-term.

As the world looks for alternative fuel sources, this sector has garnered a lot of attention of late.

Companies with coal-based power plants are also pivoting their businesses to focus on renewable energy sources. This monumental transition towards cleaner sources presents a huge money-making opportunity for investors.

#3 Competitive landscape

The monumental transition towards cleaner sources and strong growth prospects of the country has attracted several companies to invest in the renewables sector.

They are pivoting their business and operating in the market either through joint ventures with local partners or via independently owned operations.

This is bound to change the competitive landscape and is already churning of market shares amongst the top players.

While this is likely to continue for some time, the incumbent players should end up with a lion's share over the next decade.

#4 Profitability of the company

The sector has a low bargaining power and a fixed tariff structure set by the regulators. Therefore the sector operates on thin margins.

Here's a list of top power companies in India based on their consolidated net operating profit.

Company Net Sales (Rs m) Operating Profit (Rs m) Consolidated Net Profit (Rs m)
NTPC Ltd. 11,48,575 3,91,867 1,61,114
Power Grid Corporation Of India Ltd. 3,99,281 3,73,295 1,70,938
NHPC Ltd. 83,538 44,683 35,377
Torrent Power Ltd. 1,37,157 36,297 4,097
Sembcorp Energy India Ltd. 76,891 22,130 1,424
SJVN Ltd. 24,220 19,527 9,775
CESC Ltd. 72,939 14,092 8,158
Jaiprakash Power Ventures Ltd. 46,246 13,479 1,085
JSW Energy Ltd. 36,427 12,728 5,698
Source: Equitymaster
Data as of March 2022

#5 Debt to equity (D/E) ratio

A company uses both equity and debt to run a business. However, the amount of debt it uses indicates its fixed obligations. Higher the leverage, higher will be the fixed charges such as interest expense which will lower the profitability.

Therefore, one must look for a debt-to-equity ratio of one or less than one.

Here's a list of top power companies in India with low debt to equity ratio.

Company Debt to Equity (x)
Inox Wind Energy Ltd. 0.04
JSW Energy Ltd. 0.09
PTC India Ltd. 0.26
Reliance Infrastructure Ltd. 0.38
SJVN Ltd. 0.42
Jaiprakash Power Ventures Ltd. 0.47
Reliance Power Ltd. 0.69
Adani Power Ltd. 0.72
Sembcorp Energy India Ltd. 0.77
Source: Equitymaster
Data as of March 2022

#6 Return on Capital Employed (ROCE) ratio

Along with a low debt to equity ratio, a one must look for a high return on capital employed (ROCE).

Return on capital employed measures how much profits the company is generating through its capital. The higher the ratio, the better.

A ROCE of above 15% is considered decent for companies that are in an expansionary phase.

Power companies operate on a fixed tariff regime, which hampers their return ratios. Hence most of them operate on a ROCE of 14% or lower.

Here's a list of top power companies in India with ROCE of more than 10%.

Company ROCE (%)
Power Grid Corporation Of India Ltd. 14.2
PTC India Ltd. 13.3
Inox Wind Energy Ltd. 10.3
Source: Equitymaster
Data as of March 2022

#7 Valuations

Two commonly used financial ratios used in the valuation of power stocks are -

Price to Earnings Ratio (P/E) - It compares the company's stock price with its earnings per share. The higher the P/E ratio, the more expensive the stock.

To find stocks with favorable P/E Ratios, check our list of stocks according to their P/E Ratios.

Price to Book Value Ratio (P/BV) - It compares a firm's market capitalization to its book value. A high P/BV indicates markets believe the company's assets to be undervalued and vice versa.

To find stocks with favorable P/BV Ratios, check our list of stocks according to their P/BV Ratios.

#8 Dividend yields

The power sector has a consistent trend of dividend yields. However, it varies depending on the owner's discretion.

Here's a list of top power companies in India that score well on dividend yield and dividend payout.

Company Dividend Yield (eoy) Dividend Payout (%)
PTC India Ltd. 9.6 75
Power Grid Corporation Of India Ltd. 6.8 147.5
NHPC Ltd. 6.5 18.1
SJVN Ltd. 6.2 17
CESC Ltd. 5.9 450
NTPC Ltd. 5.2 70
Source: Equitymaster
Data as of March 2022

For more details, check out the top stocks offering high dividend yields.

Top Power Stocks in India

The power sector is transforming. The top power stocks in India can immensely benefit with a variety of factors positively affecting the industry.

Here are the top power stocks in India which score well on crucial parameters.

Company RoE (Latest, %) D/E (Curr FY, x) Sales CAGR (3 yrs, %) Profit CAGR (3 yrs, %)
NTPC Ltd. 13.24 1.35 5.30% 6.40%
Power Grid Corporation Of India Ltd. 29.33 2.18 4.40% 19.90%
PTC India Ltd. 11.37 0.26 -4.80% 35.50%
Torrent Power Ltd. 4.05 0.79 1.40% -23.20%
Adani Green Energy Ltd. -3.58 7.62 73.10% NA
NHPC Ltd. 14.09 1 -2.40% 7.70%
Sembcorp Energy India Ltd. 1.29 0.77 NA NA
CESC Ltd. 8.19 0.84 -11.90% -10.30%
Jaiprakash Power Ventures Ltd. 1.58 0.47 5.90% NA
JSW Energy Ltd. 4.55 0.09 -26.40% -4.40%
Source: Ace Equity

List of Power Stocks in India

The details of listed power companies can be found on the NSE and BSE website. However, the overload of financial information on these websites can be overwhelming.

For a more direct and concise view of this information, you can check out our list of power stocks.

Best Sources for Information on the Power Sector

Indian Brand Equity Foundation Powers and Mining Sector Report -

Ministry of Power -

Ministry of New & Renewable Energy -

So, there you go. Equitymaster's detailed guide on the top power stocks in India is simple and easy to understand. At the same time, it offers detailed analysis of both the sector and the top stocks in the sector.

You can also checkout our playlist on Power Stocks on Equitymaster's YouTube channel.


Here's a list of articles and videos on the power sector and top power stocks in India. This is a great starting point for anyone who is looking to explore more about power stocks and the power sector.

Disclaimer: This article is for information purposes only. It is not a stock recommendation and should not be treated as such. Learn more about our recommendation services here...

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Which are the Top Power Companies In India right now?

As per Equitymaster's Indian stock screener, here is the list of the top power stocks in India right now...

These companies are investing in the renewable power segment and keeping themselves ahead of the competition.

Note that, there are various other parameters you should take into account before investing in any company such as promoter holding etc. Sustained research must not be compromised despite the positive odds.

Which are the power stocks with the best shareholder returns?

Power Grid and NTPC were the top performers over the last 5 years in terms of sales and profit growth.

Power Grid's growth was led by its leadership status in the company and support from the Government considering it is a PSU.

NTPC, also a PSU, is India's largest power-generation utility has the done well in the domestic power sector on account of its leadership status and well-established relations with the state distribution companies.

To know which other companies performed well over the last 5 years, check out our entire list of top performers.

What kind of dividend yields do power stocks offer?

The power sector has a consistent trend of dividend yields. However, it varies depending on the owner's discretion.

At present, Power Grid, JSW Energy, Tata Power and NTPC offer attractive dividend yields to their shareholders.

For more, check out the top dividend yield stocks on Equitymaster's Indian stock screener.

Which are the top gainers and top losers within the power sector today?

Within the Power sector, the top gainers were RELIANCE POWER (up 3.4%) and NTPC (up 0.4%). On the other hand, URJA GLOBAL LTD. - (RIGHTS ISSUE) (down 10.1%) and ADANI ENERGY SOLUTIONS (down 5.6%) were among the top losers.

For more, please visit the BSE power index live chart and also check out our power sector report.